Performance Development of Internal Combustion Engines

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Course Overview

This course, which is intended for engineers working on spark-ignition and diesel engines, starts with fundamental scientific processes, and then breaks down the complex interactions that determine performance, efficiency and emissions. Break-out sessions will emphasize specific applications to diesel and spark-ignition engines.

Who Should Attend?

Who should attend?

  • Engineering directors and managers leading projects that include responsibility for engine performance or calibration development.
  • Research engineers and scientists studying engine combustion, fluid mechanics, or heat transfer and who desire product application experience.
  • Experienced technicians and drafters looking to gain an understanding of the underlying engineering principles of engine performance development.
  • Those involved in vehicle design or engine application who would like to understand the engineering principles underlying an engine’s resulting performance

Course Outline

Engine Overview and Terminology

Pressure-Volume Analysis

Engine Operating Map & Engine Breathing

Turbocharging and Supercharging

Air Handling in Spark-Ignition Engines and in Diesel Engines


Combustion Process Overview

Spark-Ignition and Diesel Combustion

Optimizing for Fuel Economy

Exhaust Emission Overview

Second Law Analysis of Engine Performance

Emission Mechanisms and Control

Combustion System Development (Option A, Spark-Ignition Engines; Option B, Diesel Engines)

The Future of Engines


David Foster

David Foster is the Phil and Jean Myers Emeritus Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and the past director of the UW Engine Research Center. He has more than 40 years of experience in diesel and spark-ignition combustion research, and continues to be a consultant throughout the internal combustion engine industry and at US National Laboratories. Through these efforts he has gained practical engine development experience to complement his expertise in the fundamental sciences. Foster holds a doctoral degree in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Kevin Hoag

Mr. Hoag has over 40 years of experience in diesel and gasoline engine development, both in industrial and academic environments, and is a Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. He holds the position of Institute Engineer, the highest technical level position at SwRI and currently chairs SwRI’s Advisory Committee for Research (ACR). His experience is wide ranging and includes both diesel and spark-ignition combustion, engine performance development, emission control, engine layout and balance, casting, forging and materials, structural fatigue analysis, air handling, cooling, and lubrication systems. He also has extensive experience with customer interaction, engine application and service, and engineering education.

Mr. Hoag’s work experience includes two years in automotive heat exchanger development (Modine Mfg.), 16 years in diesel engine development (Cummins, Inc.), and 14 years in engineering education and engine research (University of Wisconsin) all prior to joining SwRI in 2013. He continues to hold an appointment at the University of Wisconsin, teaching one graduate course by distance each semester.

Specific highlights of Mr. Hoag’s technical contributions include development of explicit formulation for Second Law analysis of IC engines, creation and management of the Heat & Fluids group at Cummins, Inc. and Founding Director and Lead Developer of the Master of Engineering in Engine Systems (MEES) Program at the University of Wisconsin.

PATENTS & PUBLICATIONS: Two patents, two textbooks (Vehicular Engine Design, Springer-Verlag, 2015, and Skill Development for Engineers, IEE Press, 1999), and over 30 technical publications. Engine design editor for the Encyclopedia of Automotive Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2015.

HONORS & AWARDS: Arch Colwell Merit Award for Outstanding Technical Publication, Society of Automotive Engineers; Two-time recipient of SAE Outstanding Younger Member Award; Elected Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers in 2017; Directed group at Cummins that received the inaugural Glen L. Martin Award for Corporate Leadership in Continuing Engineering Education from the International Association for Continuing Engineering Education.

PROFESSIONAL CHRONOLOGY: Gateway Technical Institute: Automotive Technology student, 1973-74; University of Wisconsin: Engineering and English undergraduate student, 1975-78; Modine Mfg.: engineer, 1978-80; University of Wisconsin: Mechanical Engineering graduate student, 1980-82; Cummins, Inc.: 1982-1998 (Advanced Engines and Systems: engineer, 1982-84; Engine Design & Analysis: group leader, 1984-86; Heat & Fluids: manager, 1986-88; Performance Development and Experimental Mechanics: L10 and M11 engines assistant chief engineer, 1989-91; Continuing Engineering Education: director, 1992-98); University of Wisconsin: 1999-2013 (Engine Research Center: associate director, 1999-2013; Engineering Professional Development: program director, 1999-2013); Southwest Research Institute: staff engineer, 2013-14; institute engineer, 2014-present.

MEMBERSHIPS: Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE); Tau Beta Pi Engineering honors fraternity.

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Program Director

Michael Andrie

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