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Engineering Professional Development

Introduction to Electrical Energy Storage Batteries, Chargers, and Applications See upcoming dates

Course Overview

In this course, you will: 

  • Understand batteries’ basic chemistry  
  • Identify the advantage and disadvantages of using alternative battery types
  • Understand the figure of merits, energy, and power density limits of each electrical energy storage component type
  • Examine battery testing standards, battery charging systems and state of charge measurement techniques
  • Learn about hybrid systems using batteries  
  • Understand safety and second-life use of batteries
  • Learn about a variety of applications such as automotive and grid-energy storage systems

Who Should Attend?

  • Electrical engineers 
  • Mechanical engineers 
  • System engineers 
  • Project engineers 
  • Program managers 
  • Technical leaders 
  • System integrators 
  • Electric power generation and utility engineers

Course Outline

Introduction to Electrical Energy Storage

  • Scope of energy storage needs and opportunities
  • Technology overview and key disciplines
  • Example applications and projects

Battery Background

  • Common units of measure and common figures of merit


  • Electrochemical vs. thermal energy sources
    • Voltage and potential energy
    • Reduction and oxidation
    • Reduction potentials and electrochemical couples
    • Electrochemical cell

Battery Construction

  • Cell mechanical structure
    • Resistance and polarization
    • Electrode design
    • Discharging and charging

Major Battery Chemistries

  • Common batteries (lead acid, NiMH, li-ion, and others)
    • Common battery metrics: performance comparison, power, and energy
  • Densities, specific power, and specific energy of batteries with different chemistries
  • Relative comparison of electrical energy storage technologies

Lead Acid Batteries

  • Lead acid battery charge/discharge characteristics, pros/cons

Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries

  • NiMH cell construction, applications, battery characteristics, pros/cons
  • Li-Ion Batteries
  • Lithium-ion cell reaction, construction, pouch cells, pros/cons
    • Construction—can vs. flexible foil
    • Typical charge/discharge characteristics

Battery System Integration

  • Battery pack design considerations for performance
    • Major battery sub-systems and typical schematic
    • Smart battery control
    • Cell balancing, balancing in action
    • Safety and abuse considerations in batteries and cells
    • Fault detection and management systems, battery protection systems

Analysis and Simulation of Batteries

  • Equivalent circuit, electrochemical, thermal, and aging and life models
  • Trends in simulation technology

Secondary Use, Recycling, and Disposal Issues of Batteries

  • USABC requirements
    • Possible markets
    • Economic analysis of deploying used batteries
  • Individual and synergistic applications and benefits

Battery Chargers

  • Introduction to charger configurations and features
  • Charger classes and performance characteristics
  • Electronics, automotive, and industrial applications

Battery State Estimation

  • State of charge (SOC), State of health (SOH), State of function (SOF)

Battery Standards and Testing

  • Test equipment survey
    • Testing by application


  • Fundamental failure modes
    • Standards for testing
    • Role of failure modes and effects (FMEA) tools
    • Protection techniques

Future Electrical Energy Storage Technology

  • Current challenges
    • Promising high power and energy battery technologies
    • Future battery electric vehicle performance requirements

Current Research Update

  • Electrochemistry, advanced materials, and battery systems and
  • management research Automotive Battery Applications
  • Degrees of vehicle electrification
    • Battery size vs. application
    • Battery performance and sizing—USABC
    • DOE targets for vehicular energy storage systems
    • Battery sizing factor (BSF)
    • Static capacity and energy

Automotive Battery Application Performance

  • Static capacity test
    • Temperature and power performance
    • Life and durability
    • Battery cycling
    • Drive profiles

Grid-Tied Energy Storage System Applications

  • Sodium sulfur and redox flow battery based energy storage systems
    • Fundamentals of sodium sulfur and redox flow battery systems
    • Construction
    • Properties and characteristics
  • Grid interconnection and control topologies

Upcoming dates