Diesel Engine Performance

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Course Overview

Learn you how can improve fuel efficiency while meeting emission requirements in this fundamentals engine performance course.

Who Should Attend?

  • Engineers working in engine development roles 
  • Engineers working with engine and powertrain system application 
  • Engineering managers, program or project leaders responsible for engine or vehicle drivetrain development

Course Outline

Applying Thermodynamics to Engines

  • Heat engines and internal combustion engines
  • Maximum work
  • Property and state determination

Pressure-Volume Analysis, Work, and Power

  • Calculating and measuring P-V work
  • Boosted engines

Engine Air Handling Considerations

  • Valve event optimization
  • Poppet valve and flow

Air Handling System Development

  • Discharge coefficients and flow bench measurement
  • Intake and exhaust tuning
  • Port development, swirl, and tumble

Turbocharging

  • Compressor maps and optimization
  • Engine matching
  • Approaches to boost control

Fuel Chemistry and Energy

  • Hydrocarbon fuel chemistry
  • Bio-fuels
  • Enthalpies of reaction and measured heating values
  • Fuel blending and performance measures

Combustion Thermodynamics

  • Global combustion reactions
  • Stoichiometry, mass, and volume
  • Lean and rich mixtures

Combustion Equilibrium Calculations

  • Determining equilibrium concentrations
  • Adiabatic flame temperature
  • Practical significance of equilibrium calculations

Kinetics and Combustion Reactions

  • Forward and reverse reactions
  • Reaction time and activation energy
  • Types of reactions

Friction Measurement and Analysis

  • Mechanical friction breakdown
  • Measurement techniques
  • Component measurements

Thermodynamics of Engine Cycles

  • Review the key concepts
  • Heat transfer and flame temperature considerations
  • The role of the specific heat ratio

Diffusion Flames

  • Mass diffusion
  • Turbulence effects
  • Diffusion flame regimes

Compression-Ignition Engines

  • Spray and mixing processes—break-up, entrainment, and mixing
  • Ignition, low-temperature chemistry, and EGR effects
  • The chemistry of rich combustion

Exhaust Emission Considerations and Regulation

  • The regulated emissions and atmospheric reactions
  • Overview of measurement techniques
  • Overview of current and planned worldwide regulations

Exhaust Emission Mechanisms

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Hydrocarbon mechanisms and control
  • Nitric oxide mechanisms and control
  • Particulate mechanisms and control

Second Law Analysis of Engines

  • Entropy and availability
  • Tracking the transfers and losses
  • Setting direction for maximum efficiency
  • Combustion chamber optimization
  • Fuel injection parameters
  • Air-handling and EGR systems

Aftertreatment System Development

  • Stoichiometric aftertreatment considerations
  • Particulate traps
  • Lean NOX system development

Instructors

Michael Andrie

Michael Andrie is a program director and a researcher at the Engine Research Center (ERC) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has more than 35 years of experience in engine development. Andrie began his engineering career at John Deere and then spent 17 years at Cummins Engine Company, where he managed and developed engines for the automotive, industrial, and marine markets. He joined the University of Wisconsin in 2007 and is active in research, mentoring, consulting, and continuing engineering education. Andrie holds several patents and is author on numerous publications. He also serves as the program manager for the over 35 members of the “Direct-injection Engine Research Consortium” (DERC) and the Biennial ERC symposium. Andrie holds a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in Agricultural and Mechanical Engineering from the University of Minnesota.

David Foster

David Foster is the Phil and Jean Myers Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin–Madison as well as the Director of the UW Engine Research Center and is a leading consultant throughout the internal combustion engine industry. Along with more than 30 years of experience in diesel and spark-ignition combustion research, Foster holds a doctoral degree in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Program Director

Michael Andrie

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